Eczema- Learn more about Different Types of the Condition

March 16, 2017Diana Lengerson


Itchy skin that turns red and scaly may be a sign of eczema. This is a type of skin condition that is common among children and adults can get it as well. It is important to note that eczema cannot be passed from one person to another.  A common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis. The term ‘atopic’ is associated with allergy and many people who have eczema also have allergies. There are different eczema types with their own symptoms and causes. There are also similar symptoms for various forms of the condition. These include intense itching, redness, dryness and scaly skin.

Atopic Dermatitis

  • Atopic dermatitis typically begins in childhood, gets milder and often disappears by adulthood. Several people who have atop dermatitis have hay fever and asthma along with their eczema.
  • Symptoms include rashes in elbow and knee creases, light, dark or thick areas of affected skin and small bumps. Babies usually have rashes on their cheeks and scalps.
  • Scratching your skin can cause an infection.
  • Atopic dermatitis occurs when the natural barrier of the skin becomes weak. This leaves it vulnerable to allergens and irritants.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a probable diagnosis if your skin becomes irritated and red after you touch certain substances. The skin may itch; turn red, sting and burn. Reacting to substances may result in itchy bumps and blisters filled with fluid. The skin may also become thicker or scaly over time. Common causes include detergent, jewelry, nickel, latex, poisonous plants, paint and perfumes.

Dyshidrotic Eczema

Small blisters are the main symptom of dyshidrotic eczema. They form on palms, fingers, toes and the soles of feet. Blisters may be itchy or painful. The skin can become flaky or scaly. Dyshidrotic eczema is attributed to dampness, allergies, stress and reaction to things such as cobalt and nickel. Learn more about Stopitchy here.

Hand Eczema

When eczema only afflicts the hands, this is known as hand eczema. Jobs or professions such as cleaning and healthcare where people handle irritating chemicals regularly can cause this type of eczema. Symptoms include itchy, dry and red hands, blisters and cracks. Hand eczema results from being exposed to chemicals.


Neurodermatitis causes the formation of scaly and thick patches on the skin. The patches are usually extremely itchy while resting or sleeping. Scratching these patches can cause bleeding and infections. This eczema type often affects people who already have another form of eczema. Stress is regarded as one of the possible causes.

Nummular Eczema

Nummular eczema causes distinctly round spots on the skin and can be very itchy. The spots may also become scaly. It is triggered by reactions to insect bites as well as reactions to chemicals and metals. Dry skin also causes nummular eczema. You may get this eczema if you have another form of eczema.

Stasis Dermatitis

Stasis dermatitis occurs when weakened veins leak fluid on to the skin that causes itching, redness, pain and swelling. Lower legs may swell, ache, and have damaged veins that are commonly known as varicose veins. The skin over varicose veins is usually itchy and dry. Open sores may also develop on lower legs and the feet. Problems with blood flow in the lower legs can cause stasis dermatitis.

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